10 . .

 10    . .

cxoo a aa popea opoc aae XX ea. aopoa e - a oe o oocx eoeecoo oee, ocp, ooaoo coco - e cea ocaac co e aopo cpeca. cxoo cxap, coe coo ox oee a o eoeeco cxe, poo ae cepe a x ox, oope coo aa a . Bo eco x.

o cepe (1939 o)

B 1939 o e oco epcea Ao (CA) eo acpaa Mp Top poe op cepe c ace 22 ee-cpo aeopa. ee pae a opo cepea p. ooe ee cepeaop paccaa o o, acoo co pao o oop. Bop oo ee oa epe : Mp Top, e ae eo, eo ceaa ae eocao x pe, oe oo aa cex a aa.

B peae cepea ox ee, oope oa e ca poe c pe oe c oaac eao pe, pac ce co aa, oope coxpac eee ce x . cepe, oe aa o, oo cpa o oeceoc cpaxa ope pea ocoa: cxoe cepe oe pooc a ae oaepe acco epa. B 2001 o epce aa Aoa pec oae e ce ocpaa xoe cceoa.

poe Aepc (1970 o)

B ap AP epo c 1970 o 1989 o ocecac cepea popaa o oce apecx po o oeocax epaoo cecao opea. B xo ce cpeca: o ee epooo o xeco acpa.

Tooe co ep eeco, oao, o epe apecx pae, xoe co pa apee cepea a eoeeco ppoo oepc ooo 1 000 oeocax. Apece cxap o ope oaoa oc cope oocecaco: ex, o e oaac ee, opa a oo epa, aca pa opoae peapa ae oepa oepa o ee oa.

B oce cae aea ooe ee opace o 16 o 24 e. Toa pooe cceoa, oop Op e, e ec poeccopo cxap epcee Kaap (Kaaa). 3aaec aco pao.

 10    . .

Copc pe cepe (1971 o)

B 1971 o cepe c ccceo po e aac eo coaee a eo eoe peoe cx eo aco, oao pea oo cceoa oep o oeceoc. ec cxoo 3apo pe oeee coae op o, oeex ee x co p ex pa po aex apaee.

oo oae aea cxoo oopoa a p, a ceo-opooe oece 24 eoe pae a aex apaee. peoaaoc, o aee aao oee ca, xoe oopo o ca oc eopea epaa, o o oo eepcoaa.

Hapae e a ax ceax cp ooceo x poe. Baae ce e oe-o oa, a opao cee pa co po, o e a opo e cepea ce cao a co eca: occae aex o ecoo oaeo apae. C oo oea oeee oex copo ope eoc.

Hapae papaoa cea cce pe, pa pao aex oce x eoep p p - oooe o e a c, a ece, a a, x ee oxpa. Hapae cao aac, o aee o oe oo o ooe occae, ccea opo ecoac o pae cee: aex e oca aee c coo ae aee.

B peae aee ca ca ooae paccpoca, epecc, ecoooc. epe eoopoe pe aec aex pe pe ce. Ha opoc, a x o, aee ae ceo aa co oepa, a e ea, a opoc, a o copac pac p, po x .

K ac cepeaopo oaaoc, o aee acoo c co po aa oa ce acoe pe, a apae ca acoe cacce o aepe o ooe ae, ee ecoo e aa x op p. Kaaoc, oe copo acoo a, o ce o - ceo cepe. Xo cepe aapoa a e ee, o pepae ocpoo, ceo epe ec e o ec coopae. Ha ocoe oo cepea Oep Xpe c cepe (2001).

cceoa o oec apoo a opa (1969 o)

Cee pa, o eoope cepe, pooe a ox, ooa e opec eapca, oope aee o cac ec c eoeecx e. Oao, eoope cceoa epexo ce pa . pepo oe c cepe 1969 oa, pa oo e o copoc cee pa eoea apoec eeca.

cepe pooc a pcax oeax, a a ox, aoee x eoe o oo. ox pa caocoeo pca cee o opeeeoo apoa: opa, oaa, oea, aeao .. Ka oo oe ac caocoeo ooc, cepeaop oca ooe oeco peapao, peoca ox ca cee aa aee.

oe acoo pacepc, o eoope x x ae ac ea, pe, axoc o ece apoo, o aec e coa o. Oe, pae oa, aa cpaa o oc aa: ecace oe pa cee aa ae. Oe, cee a aeaax, ep ce c epc.

oe-apoa, peoae oe oaa opa, pa eee 2 ee oce aaa pea peapao. Hecop a o o e cepea o o oe cee oec apoo a opa eoea c aepee aee papao eoo ee apoacoc, coco oce peao po aa a.

 10    . .

cepe ca: coae pae oeoc (1924 o)


B 1924 o Kap c epcea Meco aa a eoeec . cepe, ae e, oe oe aooepoc pao p ex , oeax a paee oex ooax coco, a , cpaxa, ce px o (ec ca o , xapaep oca e).

ce ca eo cocee ce. o cea oee oeo, o apcoa a ax cex eo poo, oce eo pe eo, cocooe a ce o: aca x xa aa, ca a, cope a opopaece ap acoa p epa c aa. B oe pae o ceo oopapoa.

ce eo, o oceee cae, oop c oep ceo, ao poo cax pox pax ex-cxooo. c poc aoo ceoo opea oo eo pce. Bce ac cepea caaa oaac o cea, oe aa pa, o ocec oco x coacc o cea. Xe ceo o o, o oco aco cepea, o aaec, x e oe coepeo e peca, a opao ocec pa cepeaopa.

B peae o p eao . ocec cepea oaac opao oee a, e ca cepe. Hao aooepoc pae a e oap e aoc, oao cxoo o oaaeco oo, a eo oo oc aopea cea o, o oo eo ca e poea .

 10    . .

Kpoa Aep (1920 o)

o oco, oe xeopccoo apae cxoo, aac cceoa ppo cpaxo o. B 1920 o, a o aee, oco, cpe poeo, aepecoac oooc oppoa pea cpaxa peeo oea, oope paee cpax e a. e poep oooc oppoa ooao pea o eo pc 9-ecoo aa Aepa, oop pc coce e oc ae c e pa.

B xoe cepea eee x ece ae-cpoe pa oaa p e pc, eoo poa, a, ac Caa-Kaca c opoo .. epe a eca peea oca a op ocepee oa pape opa c pco. Baae peeo coepeo e oc pc cooo pa c e. epe eoopoe pe oco aa ap ee ooo o eaeco ace a co peea a pa, oa Aep pacac pce. oce oope apo Aep aa ea oaa c pco.

Cc ee o oop - o pa o ooce ap pa, poco oea pc oe. Maee aa e p e eo pc. Ee epe e oco pe poep, e peeo oc oxox oeo. Peeo oc eoo poa, a, ac Caa-Kaca. oco pox o p oae peeo e e aa, oco cea o o epeoce pea cpaxa. oco peoo, o oe oe cpax, aa peoe coco pocx oppc ee pae ece. K coae, oco a e aoc a aa Aepa o eo ecpoo cpaxa, oop apec a c ocac .

popeea ecoooc (1966 o)

B 1966 o cxoo Map Cea C Maep poe cep cepeo a coaax. ox oec e, peapeo pae a p p. Kopo p epe aoe-o pe oc, e p aoo pea, op p ox oepa oopc apa oa, oope oo o pepa aae paa p, a ox x pee p oepa ea apa oa, oope a e o peopa.

B peae coa paoaac a aaea popeea ecoooc - pea a epe papae, ocoaa a eeoc ecoooc epe opa po. Bcope ox aa oc pa eco epecc. epe eoopoe pe coa pee p c eo oca ope oep, oopx eo oo o ea. Coa o oep oec epecoo oa, oao oa x ae e oaa o ece. Beco oo o acco peapoa a o, ocpa ee a eo eeoe.

Coa co ce peeo eaoo oa, o eco eooo oe e pepa ax oo co e. ee peoo, o eoeeca pea a cpecc o oo aoae coa: caoc ecoo oce ecox ea, cex oa a po. Heco oo, co ao aa o cpaa ecacx ox.

 10    . .

cepe Mpa (1974 o)

cepe 1974 oa C Mpa ecoo epcea oca aopo e oee aope: cepeaoe cceoae. B oe acoa cepeaop, ce aep, pa po poo ceoo. B aae cepea e ce aepo o pe pacpeec po e ea. B eceoc ceo cea ocaaac po e, a a aep cea eo.

e epe aao cepea oc, o e oa - o oe eo aoa opa. B peaoc e cepeaop cceoa oeee eoea, oaeo aa, pacxoec c eo pe oeeec opa, o aopeoo coa. ea pa pec, oopo ppee epooep. Ka e, a e oa eocpao ap oo 45 o.

ae e xo p oa oe o poo c aa e poce aa a aoae. p ao oe ea ce oe aa a o, e oa ap oo 45 o. B eceoc aep, pa ea, oo ea , o oae ap oo. 3ae oce ao o e oe ea apee a 15 o. B ao-o oe aep aa peoa pepa cepe. e aa coeac, a cepeaop a o oea: cepe pee, o pooa. pooae, oaca.

o epe ee ape aep papa ce oee c coop, ae c o aoe cpac a p. cepe pooac o ape 450 o. Ec e oeac, cepeaop aep eo, o epe a ce o oeceoc a cepe a eoacoc ea o cepe oe pooe.

Pea oaac op: 65% ee a pap 450 o, a, o e cae cpa o. Bope ce peape pooa cepeaopo, oco cex oc aa pooeo cepeo eoo aaa ea epooo, pe cep oo copoa cex o e ocaoc o po 300 o, epo oaac oc oce oo po, a 26 ee 40 o o oa a.

Kp a, o cex opoa aope ecoo epcea. B oe a p Mp oop cepe, c ooe oeee opoe pope (a Koe) o eco cceoaeca accoa popa. Pea aeceo e ec: 48% cex coacc o o oa a. B 2002 o coe pea cex cxox cepeo oaa, o o oa a oxo o 61% o 66% ee, eaco o pee eca cepea.

Bo cepea ceoa cae ae: eeca ea copoa eoeeco ap coa e oo eo oc aope o cae ece aa, o opaa coceoe oeee oe pao. Moe ac cepea ca co peocxoca a eo , aa a o, epe, o e, epao oe a opoc, oae o aca.

B oeo oe, pea cepea oaa, o eoxooc ooe aopea opeea ae coa acoo oo, o cee pooa o aa, ecop a opae cpaa c pe o.

 10    . .

co oa (1960 o)

Co ecoe cepe app Xapo poo a oeax. B 1960 o, cce opoc coao o a eoo a o ee, Xapo opa eea oe eo aep oea e oo ooece, pe pa ex eee, oopx c c aep a aoee peo. Oea coepaac ee o, oce eo ee oca.

oca ocoe oapac pae cxece ooe. e cea cee o: ae cacoe eco e ec ao o epecc. Pea, o oop, e ea: oo o oo o cea e poee ecox cepeo a o. Bpoe, ee a pa ox aaoc eo oce ooa peao oo cepea.

Ma, oopoo oca a eo (1965 o)

B 1965 o ocec aee pc Peep, poc aaco Bee, o coe pae oepc poepe opea. Oao, -a o xppa, pooeo oepa, aa ooc opee ec. cxoo o Ma epcea oa Xoca aope (CA), oopo opac a coeo poe peea, ocoeoa poco xo coo ca: ce o peea oca eo a eo, oa o e poc e aa ca oec o oo coe co ecocoeoc.

Caao - ceao: cope pc ca peo. Hecace poe e oaac, o x peeo ca epo ecooo cepea: o Ma ao ca oooc oaa, o ooa paeoc ocoea e ppoo, a ocae, pc ca ea oeo ae. Ma a , ae a poe ecox e Ma oa ax paax oe o ceo pa coeo oooo.

Coepeo co, o peeo ee ce a aa aea eoa ee oeee paeo oaec o aecoo oee ee paa-ea, - ep e. Oao, poe oa, e oe oea peea oe aecoe oeee ceeoe ocpe. Xe ceo o o, o poe, cpaec o ca-oep pa, ca ce ooa cpecc.

B peae aep aac cae aooc, oe ca aooo, a pa-e ocoo pea epecc. Koa pc-pea oc opocooo opaca, e ca aa cpae, o cpoa poc p, a oo Ma ca acaa a oo oepa, xoe oopo pee o coppoa ece ooe opa.

Ho pc-pea oac. O aope oaac ea oepa epeca pea a pe Ma. Oa a po oceoa p o caoca. oce x ooac eo oo, o o opac aa op a opaee opao cecoa - aece . O ce a , ocp ooc aa oc c oe. B 1997 o o poe epe cep peocpx oepa, o ep ece pa oa. O ae ec a ee co pox ee ee. Oao xe-a e ooc: ae 2004 oa, oce papa c eo, Peep oo caoco opace 38 e.

 10    . .


:

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E-mail:

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#44 : BlackAlex 5 2014 21:42
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Life is fading away

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